The International Circumcision Information Reference Centre™, which is sponsored by The Circumcision Helpdesk™, exists in order that those seeking information about male circumcision (whether for themselves or their sons) may have ready access to accurate, current medical thinking on the subject. Unfortunately much good material is only available in published medical journals and cannot be reproduced here by reason of copyright. In some cases a short abstract will be published here with a reference to the complete article in the relevant Journal.

Although most authors concur with the volume of research which shows that the maximum benefits from circumcision accrue when it is performed in infancy, it is the right and duty of parents to consider individually what they see to be in the best interests of their own sons and to act accordingly.

Disclaimer and Warning

The material provided by the International Circumcision Information Reference Centre™ is by way of information only and must not be construed as 'medical advice', for which one must consult a suitably qualified registered medical practitioner.

The views expressed in the various articles on this web site are those of the respective authors, however there are, naturally, other views which can be taken. Although not all authors are medically qualified, they represent mainstream thinking regarding circumcision. Articles have been checked, as far as possible, by qualified doctors to eliminate any medical errors. However, no responsibility can be accepted by The Circumcision Helpdesk™, The International Circumcision Information Reference Centre™, or any of the authors for any consequences which may follow from the use to which a reader may put the information herein.

No recommendation is made or intended as to qualifications or competence of practitioners and advice organisations or in any other respect. Any reader making use of the services of any of the people or organisations mentioned on these pages must satisfy themselves as to the standard of the advice and services which they are offered, and as to how appropriate such advice or services may be to their own needs.

The age at which young people become legally responsible for their own medical treatment varies from country to country (and, in some cases, from jurisdiction to jurisdiction within a country), and may be different from that at which legal majority is achieved. References in articles on this site to such ages must be read bearing in mind the nationality of the author (or country of first publication of the article).

Neither The Circumcision Helpdesk™ nor The International Circumcision Reference Centre™ is responsible for the contents, nor continued availability, of any site linked to from this site. We would, however, be grateful for information on any broken links

Warning: In order to properly explain the topic of circumcision, some documents on this site inevitably contain drawings and/or photographs depicting penises. The site is not intended for direct access by persons under the legal age of medical consent. Parents should determine the suitability of any such material before allowing their younger sons access to it.